The Voice and Resonance Laboratory team is working towards understanding the anatomic, physiologic, and acoustic aspects of the normal and abnormal speech production mechanism, with special emphasis on the velopharyngeal mechanism, through combining bio-imaging techniques and acoustic analysis methods.
Perta , K., Bae, Y., & Obert , K. (in press). A pilot investigation of twang quality using magnetic resonance imaging. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology. doi: 10.1080/14015439.2020.1757147
Bae, Y., & Pfeil , G. (2018). Structural changes following velopharyngeal resistance training (continuous positive airway pressure therapy): A preliminary report. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 55, 1321-1328. doi: 10.1177/1055665618758694
The Adolescent Health and Development in Context study (R01DA032371) is a large-scale, longitudinal, representative data collection effort focused on the social and spatial contexts of youth development. The project uses an innovative combination of smartphone-based GPS and ecological momentary assessment to gather real-time data on the everyday experiences of urban youth. The project is currently funded by NIDA (R01DA042080) to explore the links between exposure to violence, neural development, and substance use.
The Motivation and Cognitive Science Laboratory is dedicated to understanding how what people want (motivation) and how they think (cognition) interact to shape judgment and decision. We use a variety of cognitive, behavioral, and, more recently, neuroscientific methods, to examine why people make decisions and behave in ways that undermine their valued goals.
Stillman, P. E., Lee, H., Deng, X., Unnava , R., Cunningham, W. A., & Fujita, K. (2017). Neurological evidence for the role of construal level in future-directed thought. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 12 , 937-947.
Stillman, P. E.,† Lu, Z. L., & Fujita, K. (2020). Construal level shifts integration and segregation of the brain network. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 149(2), 382-390.
The Vision & Cognitive Neuroscience Lab uses perceptual and computational cognitive neuroscience techniques to investigate human visual processing. Research topics include how visual properties such as color, shape, and spatial location are perceived and coded in the brain, and how these representations are influenced by eye movements, shifts of attention, and other dynamic cognitive processes.
Nag, S. , Berman, D., and Golomb, J.D. (2019). Category-selective areas in human visual cortex exhibit preferences for stimulus depth. NeuroImage. 196: 289-301.
Dowd, E.W. and Golomb, J.D. (2019). Object feature binding survives dynamic shifts of spatial attention. Psychological Science. 30(3), 343-361.
The MINDSET lab studies the chronic effects of traumatic brain injury and psychological stress on the brain, cognition, and risk for neurodegenerative disease. We incorporate neuroscience tools including structural T1-weighted imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and fMRI with genetic and molecular markers to examine links between trauma and neurodegenerative disease.
Hayes, J.P., Moody, J.N., Roca, J.G., Hayes, S.M. (2020). Body mass index is associated with smaller medial temporal lobe volume in those at risk for Alzheimer's disease. NeuroImage: Clinical, 25, 102156.
Hayes, J.P., Logue, M.W., Sadeh, N., Spielberg, J.M., Verfaellie, M., Hayes, S.M. et al. (2017). Mild traumatic brain injury is associated with reduced cortical thickness in those at risk for Alzheimer's disease. Brain, 140, 813-825.
Scott M. Hayes
The Buckeye Brain Aging Lab (B-BAL) examines age-related changes in memory and the brain, variables that optimize cognitive and brain health (cardiorespiratory fitness, mobility, strength), and the neural correlates of memory in healthy and patient populations.
Hayes, S. M., Hayes, J. P., Williams, V. J., Liu, H., & Verfaellie, M. (2017). FMRI activity during associative encoding is correlated with cardiorespiratory fitness and source memory performance in older adults. Cortex, 91, 208-220. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.
Hayes, S. M., Salat, D. H., Forman, D. E., Sperling, R. A., & Verfaellie, M. (2015). Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with white matter integrity in aging. Ann Clin Transl Neurol, 2(6), 688-698. doi:10.1002/acn3.204
Palombo, D. J., Hayes, S. M., Reid, A. G., & Verfaellie, M. (2019). Hippocampal contributions to value-based learning: Converging evidence from fMRI and amnesia. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci, 19(3), 523-536. doi:10.3758/s13415-018-00687-8
The Hoskinson Lab aims to improve understanding of the neuroanatomical and functional substrates that contribute to cognitive, emotional, and behavioral morbidities after childhood neurologic injury. Their research integrates neuroimaging methods with assessed and observed social and emotional function to identify those at greatest risk of poor outcome. Current funded work examines the neural and behavioral consequences of traumatic brain injury, congenital heart disease, and pediatric cancer.
Wier, R., Aleksonis, H. A., … & Hoskinson, K. R. (2019). Fronto-limbic white matter microstructure, behavior, and emotion regulation in survivors of pediatric brain tumor. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 143, 483-493.
Hoskinson, K. R., Bigler, E. D., … & Yeates, K. O. (2019). The mentalizing network and theory of mind mediate adjustment after childhood traumatic brain injury. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14, 1285-1295.
Aleksonis, H. A., Wier, R., … & Hoskinson, K. R. (in press). Diffusion tensor imaging of survivors of pediatric brain tumor and healthy controls: Associations with neurocognitive function. Applied Neuropsychology: Child.
The Mobility and Exercise in Neurodegenerative Disorders (MEND) lab is primarily focused on conducting research related to assessments and interventions to measure or improve balance, mobility, and fall risk in individuals with neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. They have explored the use of innovative interventions such as video game based exercise and biofeedback delivered via application software on an iPod to improve or maintain balance and gait functions. Their research utilizes a restorative approach of using targeted interventions to improve or maintain balance and gait functions through intensive training or medication to induce neuroplastic changes rather than through compensation.
Dr. Kraemer’s laboratory is dedicated to the understanding of integrated physiology of physical function and how it mediates brain function. Using exercise stress models, we study cognition, recovery modalities, physical injury, and their effects on the brain. By better understanding stress, will allow improved coping and therapeutic strategies to effectively modulate it in people from all walks of life trying to optimize human performance.
The Krajbich Lab studies Neuroeconomics and Decision Neuroscience. Their research combines tools from psychology, neuroscience, and economics to investigate the mechanisms behind decision-making. They are particularly focused on dynamic, computational modeling. https://u.osu.edu/krajbichlab/
Konovalov, A., & Krajbich, I. (2020) Mouse tracking reveals structure knowledge in the absence of model-based choice. Nature Communications, 11: 1893
Smith, S., & Krajbich, I. (2019) Gaze amplifies value in decision making. Psychological Science, 30(1): 116-128
Konovalov, A., & Krajbich, I. (2018) Neurocomputational dynamics of sequence learning. Neuron, 98: 1-12
Marjean Kulp and Nicklaus Fogt
The goals of the ICITE study group are to compare BOLD response during convergence in those with normal binocular vision and those with poor convergence (convergence insufficiency) and also following treatment.
Andrew B. Leber
The Cognitive Control Lab aims to understand how we control behavior. The lab is especially interested in our abilities to resist distraction and suppress irrelevant information, the influences of past experience, and the factors motivating the choice of optimal vs. suboptimal control strategies.
Irons, J. L. & Leber (2020). Developing an individual profile of attentional control strategy. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Advance Online Publication https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721420924018
Leber, A. B., &, Gwinn, R. E., Hong, Y. L., & O’Toole, R. J. (2016). Implicitly learned suppression of irrelevant spatial locations. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23 (6), 1873-1881. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-016-1065-y
Leber, A. B., Turk-Browne, N. B., & Chun, M. M. (2008). Neural predictors of moment-to-moment fluctuations in cognitive flexibility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 105 (36), 13592-13597. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0805423105
Dr. Lindsey's lab studies human color vision. They use fMRI techniques to explore neurophysiological correlates of the high level representation of color appearance, categorization and memory. They are particularly interested in the role of language in mediating these representations.
Dr. Lo's study goals were to compare children who had suffered stroke with age and gender matched controls, and 1) To determine whether there are group differences in resting state connectivity for brain networks associated with social cognition; 2) To determine any correlation between resting state connectivity of these networks and performance on functional measures of social cognition.
Aleix M Martinez
The Computational Biology and Cognitive Science Lab (CBCSL) focuses on the theoretical aspects of cognitive science and neuroscience, with a particular emphasis on vision, emotion, learning and linguistics. They combine computational modeling with imaging and behavioral data to acquire a broader understanding of how the human brain functions. This includes research in machine learning and computer vision.
The Multidisciplinary Opportunities for Movement Education & Science (MOvES) Lab is made up of a group of athletic trainers, engineers, and students who are exploring human movement. The MOvES Lab is directed by Dr. James Onate and works in conjunction with the Movement Analysis and Performance (MAP) Lab and the Human Performance Collaborative (HPC)
The goal of the MOvES Lab is to minimize the occurrence of injuries and increase performance in a variety of active populations. The MOvES Lab works with Ohio State athletes, the military, youth baseball teams, high school athletes across the country, and active individuals in the Columbus area.
The Clinical Neuroscience Lab seeks to assess the efficacy of psychosocial lifestyle interventions, including physical activity and mindfulness meditation, in improving cognitive and affective functioning in clinical and healthy populations. The lab’s research utilizes resting state and task-based functional connectivity to elucidate potential mechanisms underlying change from healthy lifestyle behaviors.
Fountain-Zaragoza, Samimy, Rosenberg, & Prakash. (2019). Connectome-based models predict attentional control in aging adults. Neuroimage, 186,1-13.
Manglani, Samimy, Schirda, Nicholas, & Prakash. (2020). Effects of 4-week mindfulness training versus adaptive cognitive training on processing speed and working memory in multiple sclerosis. Neuropsychology, 34,591-604.
The Z-Lab studies Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. We use longitudinal neuroimaging and computational modeling to investigate the developing human brain, answering questions like: What are the brain building blocks that we are born with, how do they change with maturation and experience, and can we use this information to predict the development of individual abilities later in life?
"Tracking the Roots of Reading Ability: White Matter Volume and Integrity Correlate with Phonological Awareness in Prereading and Early-Reading Kindergarten Children.” (2013). Journal of Neuroscience.
"Connectivity precedes function in the development of the visual word form area." (2016). Nature Neuroscience.
"Cortical selectivity driven by connectivity: Innate connectivity patterns of the visual word form area" (submitted 2020).
Brandon M. Turner
The Model-based Cognitive Neuroscience Lab investigates how individual experiences shape one’s representations of the world, and ultimately how these representations guide behavior. To this end, a large component of the lab’s focus is on understanding how brain and behavioral data can be linked to form a more complete understanding of the mind.
Bahg, G., Sederberg, P. B., Myung, J. I., Li, X., Pitt, M. A., Lu, Z.-L., and Turner, B. M. (in press). Real-time Adaptive Design Optimization within Functional MRI Experiments. In press at Computational Brain and Behavior.
Turner, B. M., Palestro, J. J., Miletic, S., and Forstmann, B. U. (2019). Advances in techniques for imposing reciprocity in brain-behavior relations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 102, 327-336.
The Wagner Social Cognitive Neuroscience Lab studies how the brain encodes and retrieves socially relevant information, from knowledge about ourselves and our friends to how the brain represents rewards and temptations such as food and drugs. Using a combination of functional neuroimaging, machine learning techniques and naturalistic stimuli (e.g., movies, stories, virtual reality and natural scenes), research in the lab is working towards developing methods to gain access to how individuals think and feel about the people and temptations that surround them.
Broom, T.W., Chavez, R.S., Wagner, D.D. (2021). Becoming the King in the North: Identification with Fictional Characters is Associated with Greater Self-Other Neural Overlap. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Londerée, A. M., & Wagner, D. D. (2020). The orbitofrontal cortex spontaneously encodes food health and contains more distinct representations for foods highest in tastiness. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.
Chavez, R. S., & Wagner, D. D. (2020). The neural representation of self is recapitulated in the brains of friends: A round-robin fMRI study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 118(3), 407–416.
The Social Neurochemistry Lab's research is focused on how psychological factors (e.g. stress; valence weighting bias) trigger the immune system and also how the immune system can alter emotions and decision-making. They use both pharmacological (acetaminophen; ibuprofen; typhoid vaccination) and endogenous measures (e.g. C-Reactive Protein) of immune function. They are also conducting a large, longitudinal imaging study of adolescents to look at how geospatial stress exposure alters neural activity and predicts future substance use.