The Voice and Resonance Laboratory team is working towards understanding the anatomic, physiologic, and acoustic aspects of the normal and abnormal speech production mechanism, with special emphasis on the velopharyngeal mechanism, through combining bio-imaging techniques and acoustic analysis methods.
The Ohio State University Lifespan Adjustment Project (LAP), uses direct behavior observation, psychophysiology, self-reports, and brain imaging to better understand how temperamental predispositions, such as behavioral impulsivity, develop and how socialization of emotion regulation and dysregulation can protect against or potentiate temperamental risk across the lifespan. They are especially interested in how certain experiences in childhood and adolescence place individuals at risk for emotional difficulties later in life. They conceptualize emotion regulation as the ability to modulate negative affective states, such as sadness and anger, in the service of adaptive behavior.
The Adolescent Health and Development in Context study (R01DA032371) is a large-scale, longitudinal, representative data collection effort focused on the social and spatial contexts of youth development. The project uses an innovative combination of smartphone-based GPS and ecological momentary assessment to gather real-time data on the everyday experiences of urban youth. The project is currently funded by NIDA (R01DA042080) to explore the links between exposure to violence, neural development, and substance use.
The Motivation and Cognitive Science Laboratory is dedicated to understanding how what people want (motivation) and how they think (cognition) interact to shape prediction, evaluation, and behavior. Much of their research examines why people make decisions and behave in ways that undermine their valued goals and objectives. To examine this and other questions, they use a variety of cognitive, behavioral, and, more recently, neuroscientific methods.
The Vision & Cognitive Neuroscience Lab investigates several topics in visual cognition and cognitive neuroscience. Research topics include neural representations of space and attention, visual stability across eye movements, and object feature-binding. They use a variety of methodologies, including human psychophysics, gaze-contingent eye-tracking, advanced fMRI and EEG methods, and computational analyses.
The Buckeye Brain Aging Lab (B-BAL) works with healthy young and older adults, as well as individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), medial temporal lobe amnesia, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Using neuroimaging techniques including structural and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), the B-BAL focuses on:
1. Studying the relationships between physical activity, fitness, cognition and the brain
2. Examining the neural correlates of cognition, with an emphasis in memory
3. Applying advanced MRI techniques to clinical populations with memory impairments
As a pediatric neuropsychologist, Dr. Hoskinson's research aims to improve understanding of the neuroanatomical and functional substrates that contribute to the constellation of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral sequelae of childhood neurologic injury, including pediatric brain tumor, traumatic brain injury, and complex congenital heart disease. She integrates neuroimaging methods with assessed and observable social and emotional functioning to improve early identification of those at elevated risk and at greatest need for intervention. Currently, her funded work focuses on integrating functional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging of white matter integrity, with a particular focus on social cognitive and executive functions networks.
The Mobility and Exercise in Neurodegenerative Disorders (MEND) lab is primarily focused on conducting research related to assessments and interventions to measure or improve balance, mobility, and fall risk in individuals with neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. They have explored the use of innovative interventions such as video game based exercise and biofeedback delivered via application software on an iPod to improve or maintain balance and gait functions. Their research utilizes a restorative approach of using targeted interventions to improve or maintain balance and gait functions through intensive
training or medication to induce neuroplastic changes rather than through compensation.
Dr. Kraemer’s laboratory is dedicated to the understanding of integrated physiology of physical function and how it mediates brain function. Using exercise stress models, we study cognition, recovery modalities, physical injury, and their effects on the brain. By better understanding stress, will allow improved coping and therapeutic strategies to effectively modulate it in people from all walks of life trying to optimize human performance.
The Krajbich Lab studies Neuroeconomics and Decision Neuroscience. Their research combines tools from psychology, neuroscience, and economics to investigate the mechanisms behind decision-making. They are an interdisciplinary lab interested both in using economic tasks and theory to better understand cognitive neuroscience, and in using models and measures from cognitive neuroscience to do better economics.
Marjean Kulp and Nicklaus Fogt
The goals of the ICITE study group are to compare BOLD response during convergence in those with normal binocular vision and those with poor convergence (convergence insufficiency) and also following treatment.
Andrew B. Leber
The focus of the Cognitive Control Lab's research is to understand how people flexibly control cognitive processing, with a strong emphasis on attention. In particular, they are pursuing the following interrelated issues: 1) How do we focus on behaviorally relevant information while ignoring salient, irrelevant information? 2) How do we choose to strategically use our mechanisms of control? 3) How does our past experience guide attentional processing? They use a variety of methods, including human behavior, eye-tracking, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalography (EEG) to address these questions.
The SLAM lab’s mission is to provide valuable and interesting findings about speech, language, and music to the scientific and public community. They combine methods and knowledge from speech & hearing sciences, music cognition, neuroscience, and linguistics.
Dr. Lindsey's lab studies human color vision. They use fMRI techniques to explore neurophysiological correlates of the high level representation of color appearance, categorization and memory. They are particularly interested in the role of language in mediating these representations.
Dr. Lo's study goals were to compare children who had suffered stroke with age and gender matched controls, and 1) To determine whether there are group differences in resting state connectivity for brain networks associated with social cognition; 2) To determine any correlation between resting state connectivity of these networks and performance on functional measures of social cognition.
Aleix M Martinez
The Computational Biology and Cognitive Science Lab (CBCSL) focuses on the theoretical aspects of cognitive science and neuroscience, with a particular emphasis on vision, emotion, learning and linguistics. They combine computational modeling with imaging and behavioral data to acquire a broader understanding of how the human brain functions. This includes research in machine learning and computer vision.
The overarching goal of the Clincal Neuroscience Lab's research is to understand the efficacy of psychosocial interventions, primarily lifestyle interventions--such as exercise training and mindfulness meditation--on cognitive and affective functioning. They employ both behavioral and neuroimaging techniques to better understand the prophylactic influence of such healthy lifestyle factors.
The Saygin Cognitive Neuroscience Lab investigates the structural and functional architecture of the human brain, and how it develops and changes with experience. They use noninvasive neuroimaging methods (fMRI, MRI, DWI) and computational modeling and machine-learning to predict human behavior longitudinally based on early brain markers.
The global goal of the Model-based Cognitive Neuroscience Lab is to better understand how the brain produces behavior by using cognitive modeling tools to interpret neuroscientific data. To this end, the lab is highly interdisciplinary, using tools from neuroscience, cognitive science, and mathematics to conduct our research.
Research in the Wagner Social Cognitive Neuroscience (CSCN) lab is aimed at understanding how cognitive representations of social knowledge are encoded in patterns of brain activity. Using a combination of functional neuroimaging, machine learning techniques and popular media (e.g., films, television), research in the lab is working towards developing methods to gain access to how individuals think and feel about the people around them. A separate line of research involves understanding the interplay between motivation, self-control and desire in order to identify neural predictors of self-regulation success and failures.
The Social Neurochemistry Lab's research is focused on how psychological factors (e.g. stress; valence weighting bias) trigger the immune system and also how the immune system can alter emotions and decision-making. They use both pharmacological (acetaminophen; ibuprofen; typhoid vaccination) and endogenous measures (e.g. C-Reactive Protein) of immune function. They are also conducting a large, longitudinal imaging study of adolescents to look at how geospatial stress exposure alters neural activity and predicts future substance use.